Učite engleski jezik uz zanimljive lekcije i vežbanja. Da biste proverili vaše odgovore, ulogujte se.  REGISTRACIJA

Infinitiv je osnovni oblik glagola (to speak, to help, to understand…) Kada se koristi bez to, naziva se krnji infinitive (Help me close the window.) Oblici infinitiva sa i bez to se koriste u engleskom za građenje vremena, u indirektnom govoru, ali infintivi mogu imati i sledeće uloge:

She came to take her passport. (namera)

To visit Paris is my life-long dream. (subjekat)

We didn’t know what to do. (infinitiv sa upitnim rečima)

Vrste infinitiva

Postoji nekoliko oblika infinitiva u engleskom jeziku.

1) Negative infinitive: 

not + to + verb

Try not to be late tonight.

2) Progressive infinitive:

to + be + verb + -ing

He seemed to be waiting here for two hours.

3) Perfect infinitives:

a) to + have + past participle

She was sorry to have forgotten about their anniversary.

b) to + have + been + verb + -ing

I seem to have been looking for my keys for hours.

4) Passive infinitive:

to + be + past participle

He didn't expect to be sued.